East Azarbayjan or East Azarbayjan is located in the
northwest of the country, bordering Armenia and the Republic of
Azarbayjan, and the provinces of Ardabil, West Azarbayjan, and Zanjan.
Its capital is Tabriz.
The population of East Azarbayjan is estimated around 3,603,456 people in 2009.
East Azarbayjan covers an area of 45,650 km² . The 19 counties in
this province are summarized as : Ahar, Ajabshir, Bostan Abad, Bonab,
Tabriz, Jolfa, Sarab, Shabestar, Kaleybar, Maragha, Marand, Malekan,
Miyana, Heris, and Hashtrood.
East Azarbayjan central coordination locates in 38°04'36"N 46°16'48"E / 38.0766°N 46.2800°E .
Tabriz is the fourth largest city in Iran and the capital of East
Azarbayjan Province. Situated at an altitude of 1,350 meters at the
junction of the Quri River and Aji River, it was the second largest city
in Iran until the late 1960s, one of its former capitals, and residence
of the crown prince under the Qajar dynasty. The city has proven
extremely influential in the country’s recent history. Tabriz is located
in a valley to the north of the long ridge of the volcanic cone of
Sahand, south of the Eynali mountain. The valley opens out into a plain
that slopes gently down to the northern end of Lake Urmia, 60 km to the
west. With cold winters and temperate summers the city is considered a
estimated population of the city is around 1,500,000 based on results
of the Iranian census bureau. Tabriz is the fourth most populated city
in Iran after Tehran, Mashhad, and Esfahan, while also being a major
Iranian heavy industrial and manufacturing center. Some of these
industries include automobile, machine tools, oil and petrochemical and
With a rich history, Tabriz contains many historical monuments, which
repeated devastating earthquakes have substantially damaged. Monuments
date back to the Ilkhanid, Safavid, and Qajar periods, with the large
Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex being named as a World Heritage Site in
According to some sources, including Encyclop?dia Britannica, the name
Tabriz derives from "tap-riz"from the many thermal springs in the area.
Other sources claim that in AD 246, to avenge his brother's death, king
Khosrov I of Armenia defeated Ardashir I of the Sassanid Empireand
changed the name of the city from Shahistan to Tauris, deriving from
"ta-vrezh". However, this story has popular origin and no ancient source
has recorded such event. This is based on accounts of Vardan, the
Armenian historian in 14th century.
The majority of Tabriz residents are known as Azari Turks. Also, some
minority groups of Persians, Armenians, Assyrians and Kurds also live in
Tabriz is twinned with the following cities: Baku of Azarbayjan, Gaza
City of Gaza, Ho Chi Minh of Vietnam, Istanbul of Turkey, Kazan of
Russia, Vienna of Austria and Gorazdeh of Bosnia.
province covers an area of approximately 47,830 km², it has a
population of around four million people. According to the latest
divisions of the country in 1996, the counties of this province
are:Ahar, Ajabshir, Bostan Abad, Bonab, Tabriz, Jolfa, Sarab, Shabestar,
Kaleybar, Maragha, Marand, Malekan, Miyana, Heris, and Hashtrood. The
historical city of Tabriz is the most important city of this province,
culturally, politically, and commercially. The province has common
borders with the current Republics of Azarbayjan, Armenia and
Nakhchivan. A fine network of roads and railways connect East Azarbayjan
to other parts of Iran and also to neighboring countries.
The highest peak of East Azarbayjan is Sahand Mountain at 3,722 m of
elevation, lying south of Tabriz, whereas the lower lying areas are
around Garmadooz (Ahar). The heights of the province may be classified
into three sectors, namely: the Qara Daq Mountains, the Sahand and
Bozqoosh Mountains, and the Qaflan Kooh Mountains.
Generally speaking, East Azarbayjan enjoys a cool, dry climate, being
in the main a mountainous region. But the gentle breezes off the Caspian
Sea have some influence on the climate of the low-lying areas.
Temperatures run up to 8.9 °C in Tabriz, and 20 °C in Maraqeh, in the
winter dropping to -10-15 °C at least (depending on how cold the overall
year is) . The ideal seasons to visit this province are in the spring
and summer months.
Tabriz has a semi-arid climate climate with regular seasons (K?ppen
BSk). The annual precipitation is around 380 millimetres (15 in), a good
deal of which falls as snow during the winter months and rain in spring
and autumn. The city enjoys mild and fine climate in spring, dry and
semi-hot in summer, humid and rainy in autumn and snowy cold in winter.
The average annual temperature is 13oC. Cool winds blow from east to
west mostly in summer
Due to appearance of modern industries especially chemical industries
in west of the city, air pollution level increases continuously since
second half of twentieth century. However according to the efforts by
industries and new limiting environmental national code the level of
industrial pollution decreased,yet still the reports are illustrating
main reasons for air pollution as: vehicles and major factories like oil
refineries, chemical and petrochemical factories. According to
research, 558,167 tons of pollutants are produced everyday in Tabriz
Tabriz is located in northwest of Iran in East Azarbayjan province
between Eynali and Sahand mountains in a fertile area in shore of Aji
Riverand Ghuri River. The local area is earthquake-prone and during its
history, the city has been devastated and rebuilt several times.